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Building Toilets

SAFCANADA is currently building toilets in India. The below paragraph explains briefly about the problem that India currently has.


THE PROBLEM

The tragedy underlines a growing awareness on hygiene among the younger generation in the state which has country’s highest rate of open defecation. According to a global study conducted by UNICEF, India has the largest number of people defecating in the open: more than 595 million. India accounts for a staggering 90% of South Asians and 59% of the people in the world who practise open defecation.

HEALTH RISKS POSED BY OPEN DEFECATION

  •  Open defecation increases communities’ risk of polio infection.
  •  Open defecation is the main reason India reports the highest number of diarrhoeal deaths – 188,000 every year- among children under-five in the world. Children weakened by frequent diarrhoea episodes are more vulnerable to malnutrition, stunting, and opportunistic infections such as pneumonia.
  •  Open defecation exposes women to the danger of physical attacks and encounters such as snake bites.
  • Open defecation gives rise to poor sanitation which in turn cripples national development.